Fruit Flies: Prevention and Control in a Wormery
Methods of prevention of fruit flies in your wormery
The best strategy for dealing with fruit flies and fungus gnats is prevention. The goal is to reduce chances of infestation. Destroying fruit fly eggs before they enter your bin is key:
- The eggs laid on fruit and vegetable peels are on the surface, so scrubbing all produce well before peeling and adding peels to the wormery is a good start to preventing flies from hatching.
- Microwaving waste for 5-10 minutes or freezing food before placing it in the wormery destroys any eggs that exist in the food waste. Make sure to let microwaved or frozen food return to room temperature before adding it to your bin.
Methods of eradication of an infestation in your wormery
If you do have a fruit fly infestation in your wormery, here are some options for how to get rid of them:
- Build a fruit fly trap.
This is a simple, effective tool for management, especially when used in conjunction with other methods. We recommend having a trap in operation near your wormery at all times. By trapping the adults, you prevent them from laying eggs in your bin.
Place some apple or red wine vinegar (NOT white vinegar) in a container with a drop of dish soap to break the surface tension of the vinegar. Then, do one of the following:
Make a funnel out of paper that goes down into the container. Fruit flies are attracted to the vinegar, but once they touch it they cannot get back out and drown.
Funnel your fruit flies to their demise!
Put a Ziploc bag over the container. Do not seal the bag. The flies can fly underneath the bag to get in, but have trouble getting back out because of the weight of the bag.
Trap fruit flies with a bag.
Cover the container with saran wrap and secure with a rubber band. Punch small holes in the surface of the saran wrap. Flies go through the small holes and then have trouble escaping and drown in the vinegar.
Flies enter through holes in the Saran wrap but cannot get back out.
- Make a funnel out of paper that goes down into the container. Fruit flies are attracted to the vinegar, but once they touch it they cannot get back out and drown.
- Adding a layer of shredded paper or moist coir on the surface of your top feeding tray can help to impede emerging adults and discourage adults from laying their eggs in your bin. This allows air and moisture to escape but thwarts the pesky flies.
Cover your food scraps with shredded paper to discourage fruit flies.
- Another version on this is to add a tray on top of your feeding tray with just shredded paper or cardboard in it. This creates a barrier to fruit flies looking to lay eggs in your food scraps.
- One unconventional way to get rid of adult flies and control population explosions is with a vacuum. You can use a rechargeable hand held vacuum near the bin. Also, if you have a powerful vacuum cleaner with a hose, just use it to suck up clouds of flies as they emerge from your bin during feeding, or if they are congregating in another area of the house. The flies tend to cluster around windows and other light sources so that is a good place to look for them. It is possible for fruit flies to live inside the vacuum cleaner so use care when emptying the vacuum.
- There are many battery operated fly zappers. The key is to get one that is designed for small insects. This is effective in killing adult flies as they escape from the bin or congregate in lighted areas.
- Sticky fly tape can help to control adult populations – situate one close to your wormery and the flies will get trapped.
- Carnivorous plants can put a dent in your fruit fly population when set near the wormery.
A Venus Fly Trap plant can help you get rid of fruit flies!
- There are also various biocontrol organisms that will help deal with a fruit fly or fungus gnat population. A combination of several biocontrol methods seems to work to eradicate emerging fly populations, however the expense and complication of managing this method often renders it impractical.
- A bacteria called Bacillus thuringiensis can be applied as a soil or compost drench to help kill off larvae.
- Another method is a predatory mite called Hypoaspis miles that eats gnat and fly larvae.
- Predatory nematodes called Steinernema sp. also kill larvae.
- Neem is an organic oil found in many garden centers that can be sprayed to control pests in and around the garden. This should be used only when you have an extreme infestation because it has some negative effect on the beneficial organisms in the bin, but it does not harm the worms.
NOTE: Many people advise using banana peels and other fruit in fruit fly traps. The problem is that flies can continue to fly and breed in these traps. The advantage to the vinegar traps is that flies drown.